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ETY3IGLOGY  OF LOCAL  KA3IE3.                                          S2S
(1)   Ayiiktagydnadau.     (2)   I[a-$a~cJia~j~ta-~da~pa-vQ->mm prdi/G Icpah*   That
is to say 3 the consonants k, g^ ck, j? t, d, p, y. and v, when single and non*
initial, are generally elided. And as a convincing proof that this Is no mere
grammatical Hgmeatj but a practical rule of Terr extensive application, take
the following familiar words* in which. Its Influence Is so obvious as to "be unde-
niable. By the elision of tne prescribed consonant ^we obtain from the Sans-
krit stikaTy the Hindisuary ca pig*; from kokila* Jcci!y 'the cuckoo1 ; from ttiehz,
ES * a needle*; from aias du, a father's elder brother*; from po&z, pac*? fa
anarter5; from Mpa, iwa, {a well'; from Praydg, Prdg, the Hiacii name of
Allahabad ; and from jfaa, ji% f life.* The rale3 it is iraej provides primarily
that the letter to be elided most "be non-initial ; but one of the examples given
in the test is su uriio for su purusJia* 6 a good man5; where the p is still elided^
although it is the initial of the word purusha* This the commentator explains
by declaring that u tiae initial letter of the last member of a compound must be
considered as non-initial** Thus the mystery is solved^ and Elarnaul is at once
seen to be Karna-pnr ; Karaulij Kalyan-pur ; Taroli, Tara-pur ; and Saj&nli,
Snjan-puri,
TMs practical application of the Prakrit grammaxiaii's rule vas first stated
in my first edition, of this Memoir. In my own mind It was so firmly estab-
lished as an Indisputable fact, and possessed in its extreme simplicity at
least one of the great merits of ail genuine discoveries^ that I stated it very
"briefly and thought it unnecessary to bring forward any collateral arguments
in its support But I find thafc I much under-rated the strength of invetsrate
prejudices ; for with the exception of one reTiewer in a London scientific
]0tinia!? all other critics seemed to regard my theory as the mere outcome of
unpractical pedantry. I have therefore on the present occasion taken great
pains to omit nothing, and I cannot believe that anyone, who will submit to the
trouble of following my argument as I ha,Te now stated it, will still maintain
"that the direct derivation from the Turanian roots az/!3 r urit is more
probable fctma the forced and far-fgtehed Sanskrit derivation from one single
root snppoited only by the theory of a grammarian^ ivMch may or may not 3mTe
been put in practice in an unlettered age." The writer of the remarks I qnote
would seem to imagine that language was the indention of grammarians; on
the contrary^ they are powerless to inTent or even change a single word? and
can merely codify the processes -which are the result of unconscioiis addon on
the part of the unlettered masses. When Snjan-pur is converted in popular
speech into Snjiuli, it k* not because in one rule TararmcM lias directed the
elision of the initial p9 in another rule the elision of the final A ; but became
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